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SCHOOL EDITION Berlitz
Workbook Reading Russian
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RSBS Level 1 Beginner
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RSBS Level 2 Low Intermediate
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Russian Handwriting: Propisi
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Possessive Pronouns in Nominative
Declension of Possessive Pronouns
Verbs
Verbs of Motion
Conjugated Verbs
Russian Dictionary

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Russian Alphabet

Cyrillic alphabet looks different from the Roman one. Each letter has a name and a corresponding sound.

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Printed Letter

Name in the
Alphabet

Transliteration of the Sound

Similar English Sound

A а
а
[a]
like a in father
Б б

бэ

[b]

like b in book

В в

вэ

[v]

like v in vet

Г г

гэ

[g]

like g in goose

Д д

дэ

[d]

like d in drama

Е е

е

[ye]

like ye in yet

Ё ё

ё

[yo]

like yo in yoga

Ж ж

жэ

[Ʒ]

like s in treasure

З з

зэ

[z]

like z in zebra

И и

и

[ee]

like ee in week

Й й

ий

[y]

like y in dry

К к

ка

[k]

like k in kitten

Л л

эль

[l]

like l in lamp

М м

эм

[m]

like m in man

Н н

эн

[n]

like n in note

О о

о

[о]

like o in sort

П п

пэ

[p]

like p in pet

Р р

эр

[r]

like r in red

С с

эс

[s]

like s in school

Т т

тэ

[t]

like t in toy

У у

у

[u]

like oo in mood

Ф ф

эф

[f]

like f in fly

Х х

ха

[h]

like h in hat

Ц ц

цэ

[ts]

likets in boots

Ч ч

чэ

[ch]

like ch in chair

Ш ш

ша

[sh]

like sh in shawl

Щ щ

ща

[shsh]

like shsh in English sheet

ъ

твёрдый знак

-

*

ы

ы

[i]

like i in live

ь

мягкий знак

-

**

Э э

э

[e]

like e in set

Ю ю

ю

[yu]

like you in youth

Я я

я

[ya]

like yu in yummy


There are 33 letters in the Russian alphabet: 11 vowels, 20 consonants, and 2 letters, which do not make any sounds by themselves. They are called hard sign and soft sign.

*Ъ— твёрдый знак = hard sign – is a separation sign, which keeps the previous consonant hard;

**Ь – мягкий знак = soft sign – is a separation sign, which keeps the previous consonant soft.