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Parts of Speech
Cardinal Numbers
Ordinal Numbers
Collective Numbers
Singular Nouns
Plural Nouns
Singular Adjectives
Plural Adjectives
Personal Pronouns
Possessive Pronouns in Nominative
Declension of Possessive Pronouns
Verbs of Motion
Conjugated Verbs

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Main » Russian Grammar

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      This section is not in the book. It is designed for my curious students, who want to know more.
It is useful to know parts of speech while learning Russian, because different parts of speech decline in a different way.
     There are 8 main parts of speech:  an adverb, an adjective, a conjunction, an interjection, a noun, a preposition, a pronoun, and a verb. 
      In Russian a noun, a pronoun, an adjective, and a verb decline.
      An adverb, a conjunction, an interjection, and a preposition stay the same. That is why it is important to distinguish them.

      Let’s have a look at them.

Personal Pronoun is a  word that replaces a noun.
There are 10 of them (including Interrogative) in Russian:
я (I), ты (you-informal), он (he), она (she), оно (it), мы (we), вы (you-polite), они (they), кто who), что (what)
Russian Personal Pronouns decline depending on the gender, number and case.
Personal Pronoun replaces a noun already mentioned in the text or dialogue.
Это Иван. Он учится в университете. = This is Ivan. He studies at the University.
Это книга. Она интересная. = This is a book. It is interesting.
То окно. Оно большое. = That is a window. It is big.
As a Personal Pronoun stands for a noun, it declines similar to it (according to gender, number and case)


Possessive Pronouns are called so because they show the ownership.

Это мой телефон.= This is my phone.
Это твой телефон,  а это мой.= This is your phone and this is mine.
As you see, in Russian the same pronoun 'мой' is used for English 'my' and 'mine' .
(In English 'mine' is actually a possessive pronoun,  and 'my' is  a possessive adjective.)

  • Declension of Possessive Pronouns for Masculine Objects
  • Declension of Possessive Pronouns for Feminine Objects
  • Declension of Possessive Pronouns for Neuter Objects

Declension of Plural Nouns

Grammar table: Declension of Plural Adjectives  

Declension of Singular Adjectives

Declension of Singular Nouns

Verbs of Motion

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